So that the individual vertebral bodies can create the unit of the spine, they must be stable and flexibly connected to each other. One connection that corresponds to these complex requirements consists of several components. Small vertebral joints between two adjoining vertebrae connect these with joints to each other. Vertebral discs, ligaments and muscles give the spine support, stability and facilitate movement. In many cases, atrophied, neglected and/or tense muscles are the cause of back pain which often remains unnoticed. With the exception of the first and second cervical vertebrae and the sacral and coccyx vertebrae, which are partially fused together, two adjoining vertebrae are always connected to each other by a vertebral disc. In each case this lies between the two vertebral bodies. The vertebral discs themselves consist of connective tissue with a relatively solid, outer elastic ring and a soft, inner core. The task of the vertebral discs is to cushion shocks and provide a flexible connection for the individual vertebrae with each other. Vertebral discs must regularly absorb liquid so that they retain their elasticity. They can only do this, however, if a person moves. The vertebral disc will then be stressed and also relaxed again. This is how liquid reaches the vertebral disc. In the absence of liquid, it becomes brittle and cracked. In the event of overloading, the vertebral disc is constantly under too much pressure. The result is the same as when the vertebral disc has inadequate liquid.
The spine is therefore a complicated and also sensitive organ. We know today that back pain can not only be triggered by the aforementioned organs but also by excessive mental demands. All areas can lead to discomfort as a result of various stresses. These facts make it all the more clearer that proper support for the spine when sitting in the office or at home and even when lying down can contribute significantly to reducing back pain. Of course, great care should also be taken when you bend or lift or carry objects.